Legend has it that in 1670, the choirmaster at the Cologne Cathedral in Germany handed out sugar sticks among his young singers to keep them quiet during the long Living Creche ceremony. In honor of the occasion, he had the candies bent into shepherds’ crooks. In 1847, a German-Swedish immigrant named August Imgard of Wooster, Ohio, decorated a small blue spruce with paper ornaments and candy canes. It wasn’t until the turn of the century that the red and white stripes and peppermint flavors became the norm.
In the 1920s, Bob McCormack began making candy canes as special Christmas treats for his children, friends and local shopkeepers in Albany, Georgia. It was a laborious process – pulling, twisting, cutting and bending the candy by hand – so they could only be distributed locally.
In the 1950s, Bob’s brother-in-law, Gregory Keller, a Catholic priest, invented a machine to automate candy cane production. Packaging innovations by the younger McCormacks made it possible to transport the delicate canes to communities across the country.
Although modern technology has made candy canes accessible and plentiful, they’ve not lost their purity and simplicity as a traditional holiday treat.
How are candy canes made?
Many machines help with the production of this popular Christmas confection.
Sugar and corn syrup are heated in large kettles and then vacuum cooked. The candy is poured on a cooling table where peppermint and starch are added. The starch holds flavor during mixing and prevents stickiness. Next, a kneader mixes the flavoring and candy together until it turns a golden brown color. Afterwards, it is placed into a puller that turns the candy silky white. It moves to a batch former and is made into a log-like shape.
The stripes are formed on a heating table and placed on the white log. The candy is put back on the batch roller and formed into a cone shape. Sizing wheels reduce the cone to the diameter of a candy cane and turn it into a rope. Next, a twister will make the rope into a barber pole.
Finally, it moves to a cutter that snips the candy into strips. The candy is kept warm so it will not harden. It is placed in wrappers and the heat of the candy shrinks the wrappers. The canes move to a crooker, which gives the candy its hook shape. The candy canes are placed into a box – also known as a cradle – and are then inspected and shipped throughout the world.
Fun facts about candy canes:
- For 200 years, the candy cane came only in one color: white, and the red stripes we know today did not appear until the turn of the 20th century.
- National Candy Cane Day is celebrated on December 26 in the United States.
- Considered a seasonal item, 90 percent of candy canes are sold between Thanksgiving and Christmas.
- Candy canes are the number one selling non-chocolate candy in the month of December.
- The biggest single week for candy cane sales is the second week in December. This is likely because most people decorate their Christmas trees that week.
See for yourself how Spangler Candy Company makes their famous candy canes!